The Framework Clusters

The Framework Clusters support the ultimate goal of excellent instruction as outlined in the Framework, providing a roadmap for active, intellectual engagement by students.

The Framework for Teaching Clusters (FFT Clusters) describe skills demonstrated by teachers promoting high levels of student performance and are grounded in an understanding of the nature of human learning. The FFT Clusters are an outgrowth of the Framework for Teaching, which has been validated through empirical studies as predictive of student learning as measured by state assessments. 

The FFT Clusters distill the “big ideas” of the Framework’s 22 components into an efficient tool that can serve as the foundation for many purposes, most importantly professional growth by teachers, not only through their own reflection on practice, but also through their conversations with colleagues, mentors and coaches, and supervisors. 

SIX CLUSTERS TO SUPPORT TEACHER
GROWTH AND STUDENT LEARNING

The FFT Clusters are an attempt to distill the “big ideas” of the Framework’s 22 components into an efficient tool (composed of six large concepts) that can serve as the foundation for many purposes, most importantly professional growth by teachers, not only through their own reflection on practice, but also through their conversations with colleagues, mentors and coaches, and supervisors. 

Clarity of Instructional Purpose and Accuracy of Content

Cluster 1. Clarity of Instructional Purpose and Accuracy of Content

• Learning Outcomes
• Success Criteria & Activities
• Presentation & Explanation
A Safe, Respectful, Supportive, and Challenging Learning Environment

Cluster 2. A Safe, Respectful, Supportive, and Challenging Learning Environment

• Caring & Respect
• Intellectual Challenge
• Support & Persistence
Classroom Management

Cluster 3. Classroom Management

• Routines & Procedures
• Collective Responsibility
• Physical Environment
Student Intellectual Engagement

Cluster 4. Student Intellectual Engagement

• Lesson Structure & Flow
• Important Learning
• Student Discourse
Successful Learning by All Students

Cluster 5. Successful Learning by All Students

• Assessment
• Feedback to Students
• Analysis & Reflection
Professionalism

Cluster 6. Professionalism

• Continuous Professional Learning
• Collaboration
• Honesty & Integrit

Advance your Understanding of the Danielson Framework