The DG developed the Framework for Teaching Clusters (FFT Clusters) to reorganize the 22 components of the FFT by drawing attention to the big ideas that support student learning. This tool anchors comprehensive approaches to teacher growth including coaching, professional learning communities, self-assessment and reflection, and other essential practices. The FFT Clusters describe skills demonstrated by teachers promoting high levels of student performance and are grounded in an understanding of the nature of human learning. The FFT Clusters are an outgrowth of the Framework for Teaching (FFT), which has been validated through empirical studies as predictive of student learning as measured by state assessments. Learn more about each cluster here.